HTML'ized by Erik Manders
A horse requires the concentrates ration and either the grazing time or the hay ration. "Concentrates" refers to grain, often oats, although barley or maize can also be fed.
The quantities given assume average quality hay or meadowland.
For poor quality, double the quantity of hay or the grazing time.
For good quality, subtract 25%.
For the concentrates, average quality oats are assumed.
For barley, reduce ration by 10%, and for maize by 20%.
For poor quality, add 50% to required ration and assume the same quantity for all grain types.
Good quality is usually not used as animal feed, but should it be in this case, subtract 25% from required ration, also taking into account the grain type differences (ie -35% for good barley and - 45% for good maize).
Rations are given according to the size of the horse and the level of work, as listed in 'horse work'. For level of work, take the equivalent level once factors such as load and terrain have been taken into account, but do NOT include illness or injury in this calculation.
|Unload:||Horse carrying less than 10% of its body weight|
|Loaded:||Horse carrying 10-15% of its body weight|
|Heavily Loaded:||Horse carrying over 15% up to 30% of body weight|
|Overloaded:||Horse carrying over 30% of its body weight|
A horse will refuse to move if loaded with more than 50% of its body weight.
|Walking, up to 6hrs/day at 3 mph or walk & trot, up to 2hrs/day at avg. 5 mph|
|Walking, up to 8 hrs/day at 5 mph or walk & trot, up to 4hrs/day at avg. 7 mph|
|Walking, up to 12 hrs/day at 4 mph or walk & trot, up to 8 hrs/day at avg. 7 mph or walk, trot & canter, 6 hrs/day at avg. 8 mph|
|Walk and trot, up to 10 hrs/day at avg. 8 mph or trot & canter, 5 hrs/day at avg. 10 mph|
|Very Hard Work
|Walk and trot, up to 15 hrs/day at avg. 8 mph or trot, canter & gallop, 5 hrs/day at avg. 12 mph|
A horse can be overworked in one of two ways:
A broken down horse either dies or is completely useless for work:
|01-20||Horse dies of heart failure. Drops to ground.|
|21-25||Horse bursts major blood vessel. Thrashes in agony for 2d10 seconds, then dies.|
|26-50||Horse permanently strains back tendon. Lame and cannot carry ordinary or heavier again.|
|51-75||Horse strains leg tendon. Permanently lame, but suitable for easy work after 2 months total rest. Could be bred from.|
|76-90||Horse temporarily strains tendon. Lame and cannot carry load until rested, or injury becomes permanent.|
|91-100||Horse utterly exhausted. Refuses to move for 1d10 hours, and will not go faster than a walk for 1d10 days.|
Work assumes a loaded, fit horse on good ground. Decrease difficulty of work by one for an unloaded horse. Increase by one for each level of load extra, and for muddy or rough ground. Increase by two for unfit, sick, lame, thirsty and underfed horses (cumulative).
A horse can maintain Easy and Light work indefinitely, Medium work daily for six months, hard work 5 days a week for 4 months, and Very Hard work 2 or 3 days a week for 4 months. Exceeding this causes overwork.
One month doing no work or two months doing Easy work will rest a horse. One month in Light work following by one month in Medium work will get a horse fit (this does not count towards the work period).
|Easy work:||2-6 hours|
|Light work:||4-8 hours|
|Med. work:||6-8 hours|
|Hard work:||5-10 hours|
|V.hard work:||5-15 hours|
A note on how long a horse would need to graze to maintain itself if in Medium work without being fed grain (not possible for Hard or Very Hard work):
Remember that after grazing the horse would need « hour to digest. Also, any horse will need at least 2 hours sleep per night.
There are two tables, one giving the ideal rations to keep a horse in top working condition, the other giving the rations that a horse could get by on. The times that the difference would come into play would be during a match of some kind between horses, when the one on ideal rations would have the edge over the one that wasn't (eg pulling, racing, or stamina contest), and when a horse is being pushed hard. If a horse is on 'get by' rations, halve the time that they can comfortably stay at a given level of work, and double the effects of being heavily loaded.
The figures on the table are in the order:
No. Of hours grazing/ pounds of hay/ pounds of concentrates
|SP||4 / 9 / -||3 / 6 / 2||3 / 6 / 3.5||3 / 6 / 5||3 / 6 / 6|
|LP||5 / 10 / -||4 / 8 / 2||3 / 6 / 4||3 / 6 / 6||4 / 8 / 7|
|LtH||6 / 12 / -||4 / 9 / 2.5||4 / 9 / 5||4 / 9 / 7.5||5 / 11 / 9|
|MdH||7 / 14 / -||5 / 11 / 3||5 / 11 / 6||5 / 11 / 9||6 / 13 / 11|
|HvH||8 / 18 / -||6 / 13 / 3.5||6 / 13 / 7.5||6 / 13 / 12||8 / 17 / 14|
|DrH||10 / 22 / -||8 / 18 / 5||9 / 19 / 10.5||9 / 20 / 16||11 / 24 / 20|
|LtW||7 / 15 / -||5 / 11 / 3||6 / 12 / 6.5||6 / 12 / 10||7 / 14 / 12|
|HvW||9 / 19 / -||7 / 14 / 4||7 / 15 / 8.5||7 / 15 / 15||9 / 19 / 15|
|SP||4 / 9 / -||4 / 9 / -||4 / 8 / 2||4 / 8 / 4||4 / 9 / 4.5|
|LP||5 / 10 / -||5 / 10 / -||5 / 9 / 2.5||4 / 9 / 5||5 / 10 / 5.5|
|LtH||6 / 12 / -||6 / 12 / -||5 / 11 / 3||5 / 11 / 6||6 / 13 / 7|
|MdH||7 / 14 / -||7 / 14 / -||7 / 14 / 4||7 / 13 / 7||7 / 15 / 9|
|HvH||8 / 18 / -||8 / 18 / -||8 / 17 / 4.5||8 / 16.5 / 7||9 / 20 / 11|
|DrH||10 / 22 / -||10 / 22 / -||11 / 24 / 6.5||11 / 24 / 13||13 / 29 / 16|
|LtW||7 / 15 / -||7 / 15 / -||7 / 15 / 4||7 / 14 / 8||8 / 17 / 9|
|HvW||9 / 19 / -||9 / 19 / -||9 / 19 / 5||9 / 19 / 10||10 / 23 / 12|
|Horse type||Loaded||Heavily loaded||Horse weight|
|Weights in pounds|
|Heavy riding horse||130-195||196-390||1300|
|Small pony:||"Native" type, wild or semi-wild, herded
Shetland, Dartmoor, Tarpan
|Large pony:||Selectively bred for size and quality, may be herded
New Forest, Haflinger
|Light horse:||Ladies' or pleasure mount, or nomad cavalry
Morgan, Hackney, Mustang, Arab
|Medium horse:||Light hunter type
|Hvy. Riding horse:||Heavy hunter, carthorse or large cob
Hanoverian, Hoistein, Russian trotters
|Draught horse:||Cart/plough horse
|Light warhorse:||Light cavalry mount
|Heavy warhorse:||Heavy or armored cavalry mount